A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury that alters the way your brain functions. Effects are usually temporary but can include headaches and problems with concentration, memory, balance and coordination. So what should you do if an athlete has a concussion during a game?
Although concussions usually are caused by a blow to the head, they can also occur when the head and upper body are violently shaken, like a whiplash. These injuries can cause a loss of consciousness, but most concussions do not. Because of this, some people have concussions and don’t realise it.
If an athlete has a concussion, you should:
- Remove him or her from play
- Inform their parents/guardians of the injury
- Ensure the athlete is evaluated by a doctor
- Keep the person out of play until a doctor approves their return